“India is a developing country”. We have been listening to this for decades. Now the question is when our country will be a developed one? Is our country progressing towards it? As a global leader in the IT and engineering sector; will Automation be a boon for our country or a bane?
To get the answer to all these questions, first, we need to understand:
What is automation?
It’s is the creation of a technology that can replace human labour. Automation is being used in many areas such as transport, defence, medical and manufacturing. Virtual, augmented and mixed reality has open a new portal for innovation and inventions. Now we can play outdoor games indoor, watch videos as the perspective of the camera; all with the help of virtual reality. As an independent concept, mixed reality combines the best of both virtual reality and augmented reality. When used to classify the larger scope of reality technologies; it refers to the coverage of all possible variations and compositions of real and virtual objects. It is rapidly evolving and its impact on technology is increasing quickly.
India is a country with a population of 1.35 billion. According to a survey of Indiaonlinepages.com, 72.2% of our population lives in rural areas. Most of the residents work either in farms or in manufacturing industries on daily wages. While others have their small businesses or they work in construction sites as labours. Automation in the manufacturing and agriculture industry will cost the livelihood of these people. Every year millions of engineers graduate from colleges and universities but very few of them land up in jobs. With a change in the industries, skill set required in the employees also changes and so should the education system. But due to the ignorance of some people on the education system students are paying its cost.
On one hand, automation is reducing the employment rate of our country; while on the other hand, automation is playing a vital role in its development. Auto balancing bike, robots working in restaurants and a few days ago, first “flying car” has been tested. Due to automation, the production, efficiency, and quality of the product, as well as life, has been increased. Increment in these factors will help the industries and society in their growth; which will eventually lead towards the growth of the nation.
Automation in our daily lives
Automation has also made an impact on our day to day lives; first, we used to wash our clothes by hands. But now all this can be done by the press of a button of a washing machine. Postmen are replaced by electronic mails. Electronic Automobiles are not only saving money but the environment too. We can sit in our homes and be present anywhere virtually. We no more need to go out to the market for shopping or to buy food; everything is just a few clicks away. There were times when there were call centres for customer’s help; now everything has been automated and “answering machine” have replaced them.
Even our virtual assistant can book an appointment for us. Talking about agriculture when was the last time have you seen a farmer ploughing his fields manually by animals. Today all this work is done by smart vehicles and machines; which are controlled with a remote controller with the help of laser and GPS guidance system. Automation in the field of medical sciences has increased life expectancy. Automation has made our life much easier.
As the law of alchemy suggests, for some good, there will always be equally bad. “Everything good comes with a price” and in most cases that price is “unemployment”. Not only low skilled people but many highly skilled people are also getting replaced. And in a country like India where unemployment is already at its peak. The increase in life expectancy is leading to overpopulation and imbalance in nature; as we are exploiting and destroying our planet. Using automation in agriculture is degrading the quality of food; as more emphasis is on the use of artificial products and fertilizers.
Considering all the facts carefully we also see that; “Development without automation is not possible” and if it’s possible then it’s exponentially slow. So what option are we left with? The answer lies in sustainable and balanced development. At the end of the day, someone is needed to automate a process; and someone is needed to take care of it. There are many things and works where automation can’t compete with the perfection of human hands and mind. Develop the talent and knowledge according to the trend and flow with it. Go against the flow and you will drown, flow with it and surely you will reach somewhere.